Some experts have argued that we’re at a torrid time in the future of the US real estate market. Others have argued NYC’s housing market has been roaring, with no sign of slowing down. With inflation continuing to cripple the value of the USD, prospective home buyers face pressure to invest in tangible assets. Many Americans are realizing a home is the most sensible shelter for their savings (Nguyen, Forbes).
However, home supplies in coveted markets are scarce. Prices are ever-climbing and competition for homes is currently relentless. That’s generally where America’s market currently stands. The main question on the minds of homeowners and prospective buyers continues to be: “Where will markets go from here?”
Of course, no one can say with certainty. Nevertheless, select lessons from America’s history provide a blueprint for home buying at this unique historical juncture.
Lesson from the Great Depression
Principally, you cannot separate the national economy from the nation’s housing markets. The American economy and the American housing market are akin to dominos aligned in the same row. On some occasions, the economy is the domino at the front of the row. Whereas there were other times – the subprime mortgage crisis (Great Recession, 2008) – the housing market is first in line.
Arguably no time in American history better exhibits the inextricable link between national economic performance and the American people’s ability to both purchase, as well as hold onto, long-term houses. As the stock market crashed in 1929, bank runs quickly ensued, and mass unemployment followed closely behind. A staggering 273,000 Americans lost their homes in 1932, plus even more suffered foreclosure in the following year. Americans simply did not have the wherewithal to keep up with mortgage payments when crushing stagflation hit.
Some things have not changed since the onset of the Great Depression. Americans today have become far more cognizant of a future possibility of widespread economic downturn. An economy in contraction means jobs lost, wages uncollected, and mortgage payments undelivered. Ultimately, this means foreclosures.
Current Home-Buying Spree Continues
Yet, even facing economic hardship triggered by the pandemic, America finds itself in the midst of a record home-buying spree. This may suggest any of the following three (Nguyen, Forbes):
- A new segment of Americans (including former apartment-dwelling city residents) are injecting unprecedented capital into newfound housing markets.
- Home buyers see houses as a sound investment, even as many expect the economy to take a turn for the worse.
- The demand for homes in America is far greater than supply, increasing competition for each home.
On one hand, the Great Depression is a necessary reminder for prospective home owners to not purchase beyond their means. However, many who lost their homes during the Great Depression certainly weren’t living lavishly. This is a critical takeaway – though one we must extract – from the hardships of the late 1920s and 1930s.
Moreover, there are notable differences between 1930’s America and 2021, which bode favorably for today’s housing market. Incentive-laden tax policies, enacted since the Depression, made it more affordable to purchase homes and make the requisite mortgage payments. Today, Americans have a variety of investment options to mitigate risk. Additionally, federal policy has prevented bank failures from the magnitude witnessed during the Great Depression.
Lesson from the GI Bill (1944)
Concisely, cheap credit can set you up for life (Nguyen, Forbes). If you’ve been relishing your prevailing 3% interest rates, prepare for disappointment (by comparison).
Not long after the Allied invasion of Normandy Beach, US President Franklin Roosevelt signed the GI Bill (1944). The was portrayed as a token of appreciation to a generation of young Americans, who risked their lives at war. Upon returning home, those GIs received government-backed loans that all but guaranteed homeownership, amongst other benefits. Banks the US government deemed a guarantor were overwhelmingly likely to approve a mortgage application.
With access to such favorable loan conditions, veterans went on to purchase 20% of all homes built after the war. GIs took full, absolute advantage of the easy credit they undeniably earned.
Fast forward to the present. While a government-guaranteed loan might sound ideal, you truly cannot complain about today’s prevailing 3% interest rates (Campisi, Forbes). To compare, interest rates topped 17% in 1982, then hovered around 10% for significant periods in the 1990s. That means two decades ago, you’d have to pay 8% for a home loan. Quite staggering compared to today’s housing market climate, to say the least.
To reemphasize, the prime takeaway from the GI Bill, is that favorable credit should be pounced on, while it’s available. Historically, the sub-3% rate, which we’ve seen for the vast majority of 2021, is a statistical anomaly. Based on the frenzy of home buying we’ve witnessed, it seems that many Americans and foreign investors know their history. Perhaps much more than some casual real estate investors may think.
Seemingly, the two monumental American national economic events discussed provide opposing lessons for today’s prospective home buyer. The sudden, near-total crash of the Depression-era housing market reminds us the importance of consumer’s buying within their means. The GI Bill reinforces the importance of closing on a home, especially while lending terms are favorable. Upon extensive examination, these lessons can be very much complimentary in the future.
As we’ve noted, today, Americans find themselves at a confounding point. Interest rates are very favorable; however, the economy is riddled with inflationary concerns and general uncertainty. It’s a time both reminiscent of GI Bill-era opportunity and Depression-era anxiety (Nguyen, Forbes).
Of any lesson investors should takeaway, it’s this: you can embrace the benefits of comparatively cheap credit while remaining within your spending means. Be sure you don’t miss out on a prime real estate investment, while interest rates are so favorable. Stray away from overextending yourself to the point where you cannot keep up with future payments, should times get tough.
For strategically sound real estate investing, you must look to the past to help predict the future. If nothing else, for guidance. That includes the better parts, but perhaps even more importantly for investors, the worse.